Treatments – Osteoarthritis



Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis. It is a noninflammatory condition of the joints, which affects the bony surfaces and the cartilage within the affected joint.

Primary osteoarthritis has no known cause, but is thought to occur as a normal response to ageing. It commonly affects the small joints of the fingers, the big-toe, the knees, hips and spine.

Secondary osteoarthritis can occur as a result of underlying disease, previous damage or a mechanical disorder, e.g. previous fractures, obesity, leg length differences, certain surgeries.

Risk Factors

Risk factors describe life-style features that may pre-dispose a person to osteoarthritis. These include:

  • Age: >50years for men; >40 years for women
  • Obesity
  • Inactivity
  • Genetics
  • High impact sports
  • Previous fractures or surgeries

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms will depend on the severity of the condition, but may include:

  • Joint pain
  • Morning stiffness
  • Loss of range of movement at the affected joint
  • Weakness of the musculature around the affected joint
  • Changes to the walking pattern

Physiotherapeutic Treatment

Here at West Limerick Physiotherapy Clinic, we use manual therapy, strengthening and exercise planning to help alleviate the pain and negative symptoms associated with this condition.

We liaise with other medical professionals to ensure appropriate pain management is achieved.

We monitor your progression closely and will be here to advise you throughout the duration of your condition or if further medical intervention is deemed necessary (see also pre & post-orthopaedic surgery information).

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